The Science Behind Our Skincare Serums

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Our Skin and It’s Functions

The skin is the largest, most remarkable and complex organ of our body. It protects as a barrier from pathogenic invaders like viruses and bacteria between the internal and external environment. With a variety of nerve endings, the skin is a multiple sensor organ which transports sensations of injuries, temperature, touches and vibrations. Its primary function is to keep liquid safely inside and to keep everything else out.

Skin Aging

skin-graphWhen the skin is overwhelmed by the sun’s ultraviolet light, it will cause damage. Over exposure to the ultraviolet radiation of the sunlight and environmental poisons as well as all kinds of makeup can accelerate skin aging by degrading collagen and put oxidative stress to the skin. Decreased epidermal renewal and tissue repair accompany the aging process.

Skin changes are among the most visible signs of aging. Evidence of increasing age includes wrinkles and sagging skin. With aging, the epidermis (outer layer of skin), is thinning even though the number of cell layers remain unchanged. This process cannot be stopped totally as it is a part of the human aging process but it can be extended by careful treatment.

Hyaluronic Acid

anti aging skincareThe most effective topical skin treatment product is Hyaluronic Acid, also known as Hyaluronan or Hyaluronate. Hyaluronic acid in the human body is distributed widely throughout connective, epithelial, and neural tissues and can be very large, with its molecular weight often reaching the millions. One of the chief components of the extracellular matrix, Hyaluronan contributes significantly to cell proliferation.

Hyaluronan is a common ingredient in skin care products. In 2003, the FDA approved Hyaluronan injections for filling soft tissue defects such as facial wrinkles. Hyaluronan injections temporarily smooth wrinkles by adding volume under the skin, with effects typically lasting for six months. Being approved as an injectable remedy, Hyaluronic Acid is also known as an excellent topical cosmetic product due to its easy absorption in the skin.

The presence of Hyaluronic Acid in epithelial tissue has been shown to promote keratinocytes proliferation and skin hydration. In cosmetics, low molecular weight Hyaluronic Acid is used as a humectant, a humectant being a hygroscopic substance keeping tissue moist and it is an antioxidant stimulating agent for collagen synthesis, cell proliferation and cytotaxis, the movement and arrangement of cells. Studies also show that a topical procedure using Hyaluronic Acid is an effective and safe method for improving acne scars.

Vitamin C

Vitamin C is a powerful antioxidant for the skin, responsible for the production of collagen. Topically applied, Vitamin C strengthens the skin’s barrier response which reduces moisture loss, strengthens skin’s repair mechanisms and reduces inflammation. In higher concentrations in a cosmetic product, Vitamin C reduces the look of discoloration from old acne scars and sun exposure. Topical Vitamin C also can protect against photo aging due to its ability to allow the skin to neutralize free radicals created by UV radiation.

Vitamin E

Scientific studies show us that Vitamin E has very specific benefits to the skin. It protects the skin from environmental pollution. It has a protecting agent against UV radiation and is an excellent moisturizer. It contains powerful anti-inflammatory agents – and this can prevent the signs of premature aging, as inflammatory conditions in the skin are a leading cause of skin aging. Apart from all of these excellent qualities, Vitamin E also enhances and helps with the penetration of other compounds into the skin and is itself well absorbed by human skin.

Ferulic Acid

Ferulic Acid is a naturally occurring phenolic compound found primarily in plant cell walls. It is a potent antioxidant that acts as a highly effective free radical scavenger. Skin care related studies of Ferulic Acid focused on its ability to enhance the effects of Vitamins C and E. Preliminary research indicates that Ferulic Acid may improve the stability of Vitamin C in water solution. Also, the addition of Ferulic Acid to the combination of Vitamin C and E appears to increase protection from UV-induced skin damage. In one study, the addition of Ferulic Acid to a Vitamin C + Vitamin E formula almost doubled the UV-protection benefits.

With Hydra Select, you get the best anti aging products on the market, ranging from our highly effective Vitamin C serum to our powerful hydrating system Hyaluronic Acid serum. See the difference for yourself!

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